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如何排除主机与文件管理器之间的降级连接故障

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适用于

SAN 协议

说明

多路径( MPIO )软件允许主机维护到 LUN 的多个路径。LUN 所在的 NetApp 节点的路径被视为“主动 / 优化”、而通过节点的 HA 伙伴的路径被视为“主动 / 非优化”。具体术语可能因主机操作系统和多路径驱动程序而异。某些情形可能导致一条或多条路径无法访问或无法用于 I/O根据不可用的路径、主机可能会出现性能下降的情况、特别是如果没有其它“主动 / 优化”路径。 

路径状态由当前拥有使用 ALUA 的 LUN 的节点决定。发生接管时、假定拥有其合作伙伴 LUN 所有权的节点上的路径将变为“主动 / 优化”。

RedHat Multipath-ll 输出中的路径故障示例: 

# multipath -ll
mpath0 (360a9800043346441464a44424c746e54)
[size=10 GB][features="1 queue_if_no_path"][hwhandler="0"]
_ round-robin 0 [prio=8][active]
_ 0:0:0:0 sda 8:0   [failed][faulty]
_ 1:0:0:0 sdi 8:128 [active][ready]
_ round-robin 0 [prio=2][enabled]
_ 0:0:1:0 sde 8:64  [active][ready]
_ 1:0:1:0 sdm 8:192 [active][ready]

RedHat ’ /var/log/messages ’示例:

Jun 22 15:55:54 rhel1 multipathd: Lun1: sdcr - tur checker reports path is down
Jun 22 15:55:54 rhel1 multipathd: checker failed path 69:240 in map Lun1
Jun 22 15:55:54 rhel1 multipathd: Lun1: remaining active paths: 3
Jun 22 15:55:54 rhel1 kernel: device-mapper: multipath: Failing path 69:240.


VMware ‘ VMkernel ’示例:

2017-11-30T07:17:41.351Z cpu15:33143)WARNING: NMP: nmp_DeviceRequestFastDeviceProbe: NMP device "sym.029025256531353837" state in doubt; requested fast path state update...
2017-11-30T07:17:41.351Z cpu15:33143)WARNING: ScsiPath: 4507: Path vmhba2:C0:T0:L55 is being removed
2017-11-30T07:17:41.351Z cpu15:33143)WARNING: ScsiPath: 6117: Remove path: vmhba2:C0:T0:L55


Windows 的系统事件日志示例:

Information   10/31/2017 4:39:33 PM   mpio     46    None   Path 1000001 was removed from \Device\MPIODisk2 due to a PnP event. The dump data contains the current number of paths.
Information   10/31/2017 4:39:33 PM   ontapdsm   61070   None   Path ID 01000001 was removed.
Warning     10/31/2017 4:39:33 PM   ontapdsm   61054   None   Path ID 01000001 has failed and 02000101 will be used instead.
Error      10/31/2017 4:39:33 PM   ontapdsm   61142   None   Path ID 01000001 has failed.


:具体的日志条目可能会因操作系统版本和多路径配置方式而异。 

 

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